National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness

Hearing loss is the most common sensory deficit in humans today. As per WHO estimates in India. there are approxirnately 63 rnllion people. who are suffering from significant auditory impairment; this places the estimated prevalence at 6.3% in Indian population. As per NSSO survey, currently there are 291 persons per one lakh population who are suffering from severe to profound hearing loss (NSSO, 2001). Of these. a large percentage is children between the ages of O to 14 years. With such a large number of hearing irnpaired young Indians, it amounts to a severe loss of productivity, both physical and economic. An even larger percentage of our population suffers from milder degrees of hearing loss and unilateral (one sided) hearing loss.

  • OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAMME :
    • 1) To prevent avoidable hearing loss on account of disease or injury.
    • 2) Early identification, diagnosis and treatment of ear problems responsible for hearing loss and deafness.
    • 3) TO medically rehabilitate persons Of all age groups. suffering with deafness.
    • 4) To strengthen the existing inter-sectoral linkages for continuity Of the rehabilitation programme. for persons with deafness.
    • 5) To develop institutional capacity for ear care services by providing support for equipment, material and training personnel.

Long term objective:To prevent and control major causes of hearing impairment and deafness. so as to reduce the total disease burden by 25% of the existing burden by the end of 12th Five year Plan.

  • COMPONENTS OF THE PROGRAMME :
    • 1) Manpower training and development: For prevention, early identification and management of hearing impaired and deafness cases, training would be provided from medical college level specialists (ENT and Audiology) to grass root level
    • 2) Capacity building: For the district hospital, community health centers and primary health center in resped Of ENT/ Audiology infrastructure.
    • 3) Service provision: Early detection and management of hearing and speech impaired cases and rehabilitation, at different levels of health care delivery system.
    • 4) Awareness generation through IEC/BCC activities: For early identification Of hearing impaired, especially children so that timely management of such cases is possible and to remove the stigma attached to deafness.
  • STRATEGIES :
    • . To strengthen the service delivery for ear care.
    • . To develop human resource for ear care services.
    • . To promote public awareness through appropriate and effective IEC strategies with special emphasis On prevention Of deafness.
    • . To develop institutional capacity Of the district hospitals, community health centers and primary health centers selected under the Programme.

Manpower

Audiologist & Speech language pathologist Mimi R Laltlanhlui
Audiometric Assistant Lalnunmawii
Instructor for hearing impaired children Malsawmdawngliani